1,483 sq .km.
Union Territory of India.
Max-45C TO Min 0C
Best Time to Visit :
October to March
Hindi, Punjab and Urdu
Information About Delhi
Red Fort , Delhi Delhi or Dilli got its name from the ancient town of Dhillaki, near Mehrauli or more so from the legendary Raja Dillu who is said to rule the place around 100 BC. The much talked about national capital is the dream destination of the youths who come from far away places in search of quality education thereby enhancing their chances of leading a prosperous future. Every thing from the crowded places in the big bazaar to the early morning rush in the buses and metros along with the extravaganza of eating out the priced biryani in a good restaurant makes Delhi unique. Located on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Gangetic plains, enclosed on three sides by Haryana and on the fourth by the state of Uttar Pradesh, Delhi is a furnace that starts from April to July and a place to hide under the woollens during the winters.
Delhi is the mysterious place which has seen great empires rising and tumbling since the dawn of of time. It was the very place where citadels of emperors were erected and disappeared. It has a rare eternity and a mystery around where ancient forts and ruins claim their majestic past. Delhi, the ancient Kingdom of Indraprastra of the Pandavas stand on the west end of the Gangetic plains. The capital city on the way to be granted statehood due to immense importance politically, socially and economically unwinds a picture perfect culture blended with architecture and human diversity deep into history. Monuments, museums, galleries, gardens and exotic pubs open till late night comprise the two contrasting but harmonious parts- the old Delhi and New Delhi. Describing the city’s Mughal past, Old Delhi, takes you through the labyrinthine streets passing through formidable mosques, monuments and forts and the ever crowded Chandni Chowk.
Major Attractions of Delhi
Qutub Minar It was Muhamed Ghori who commenced the construction of the Qutab Minar in 1200AD after defeating Prithiviraj Chauhan, but could only finish the basement. His successor, Iltutmush, added three more storeys, and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak constructed the fifth and the last storey. The development of architectural styles from Aibak to Tughlak are quite evident in the minar.
Lal Quila or the Red Fort was the place from where the British deposed the last of the Mughal rulers, Bahadur Shah Zafar from the throne of Delhi. After shifting the capital to Delhi from Agra the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan laid the foundation of the Red Fort in 1618. With an area of almost one and a half miles, the fort is an irregular octagon and has two entrances, the Lahore and the Delhi Gates. The Diwani-i-Am is the Red Fort's hall of public audience. Built of sandstone it is coloured with shell plaster polished to look like ivory, it was the place of private audience and most highly ornamented of all Shah Jahan's Buildings richly decorated with flowers of inlaid mosaic work of cornelian and other stones, the Diwan-i-Khas once housed the famous Peacock Throne. It also houses the Rang Mahal, the Moti Masjid and the Musamman Burg.
Erected in the 18th century by the Nawab Shuja-ud-Daulah to preserve the remains of his father, the tomb is the last flicker in the lamp of Mughal architecture. The mosque inside it was given the name Quwwat ul Islam meaning might of Islam. The glittering interiors with precise geometric calligraphy reveal the sacred Islamic texts shadowed between the gracefully curling leaves and tendrils changing it into a perfect facade seldom seen earlier.
The first welcome glory of India to the tourists visiting Rajpath, India Gate is located on the way to the magnificent Rashtrapati Bhawan, the famous gate is 160 feet high with an arch of 138 feet. Built as a memorial to commemorate the 70,000 Indian soldiers killed in World War I, the famous India Gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and completed in the year 1931. Constructed from sandstone, the arch houses the Eternal Flame, in memory of the Indian martyrs who laid their lives during the war with Pakistan in the year 1971. In the evening hordes of visitors throng the gate premises to view the fun filled atmosphere and enjoy boating in the lake adjacent to it.
Jama Masjid Constructed by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to complement his palace at the Red Fort, this mosque took more than 5,000 workers and six years of hard work to complete. A fine example of the Mughal architecture, the Jama Masjid is endowed with three gateways. In the centre is a large marble tank in which the devout wash before attending prayers. The main mosque is crowned by three onion shaped domes made of white marble and inlaid with stripes of black slate.. The Masjid is a place of great religious importance as it preserves a sacred hair from the beard of the Prophet Muhammad along with a chapter of the Holy Quran written by him.
Shopping in Delhi
It’s just a pleasure ride, going on a shopping spree in the open markets of Delhi taking few hours in hand. Although malls and multiplexes are there in every nook and corner of the city, the pleasure of shopping in the narrow lanes of Delhi in places like Sarojani Nagar, Baba Market, Chor Bazaar in Chandni Chowk is really a pleasurable experience in itself. All kinds of material are on display for visitors.
How to Get there
By Air :
All the major national and international airlines
have their flights operating from Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport.
By Rail :
The Indian Railway with their modern and organised
network connects Delhi to all the major destinations in India. There are three
important Railway Stations in Delhi namely New Delhi Rly. Station, Old Delhi
Rly. Station and Hazarat Nizamuddin Rly. Station.
By Road :
Delhi is well connected by road to all major destinations
in North India. The Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) is located at Kashmiri
Gate, Sarai Kale-Khan and Anand Vihar. Delhi Transport Corporations of the
neighbouring states provide frequent bus services through air conditioned,
deluxe and ordinary oaches.