Main Languages :
Punjabi, Hindi and English
Golden Temple, AmritsarAmritsar called the Holy Pool of Nectar is also known
by the name of the city of bloodshed and massacre after the famous Jallianwala
Bagh. Founded by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das Amritsar is the most revered
place of the Sikhs and in due course of time recreated itself as an industrially
developed city. Several textile and machinery parts units, manufacturing firms
apart from agriculture holds key to its economy in the present days.
Known historically all over the world for the Jallianwala massacre, imposed
upon by the Britishers on the innocent Indians where thousands dies in front
of the fiery bullets of the British troops. Today the religious city feels
proud of its new birth. The fascinating city is in present days more renowned
as a great place place of pilgrimage of the Sikhs as the Golden Temple or
Har Mandir Sahib is situated there.
Major Attractions in Amritsar
The Golden Temple
The most important and the holy pilgrimage center of the Sikhs, the Golden
temple is also known as Hari Mandir Sahib that stands as a symbol of spiritual
tradition of the Sikhs The extraordinary temple has been a source of inspiration
for the Sikhs from generations and is beautifully preserved and coated with
Gold. It was the first and the foremost holy shrine where Sikhs from all over
come to pay their obeisance. Guru Arjan Sahib laid the foundation of the temple
by the Muslim saith Hazrat Mian Mir of Lahore. Laid open from four sides the
architecture of the Golden temple represents a harmony between the Hindu and
Muslim type of construction and is considered one of the best specimen of
The once blood smeared Jallianwala Bagh is well known in history for the massacre
of thousands of peoples during the British rule in India. British commander,
General Dyer opened fire on innocent people killing the masses without even
sparing the children and the babies on the unfateful day of 13th April 1919.
The day has been marked in red in the history of India. The place is now a
national monument and a memorial with its walls bearing the bullet marks of
Akal Takht, AmritsarThe exotic garden place used to be the summer palace of
the erst while Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the city of Amritsar. The garden surrounding
houses the Darshani Deorhi, a magnum opus with its outstanding architectural
splendour. A grand architectural museum after the name of Maharaja Ranjit
Singh portrays unique oil paintings, miniatures, coins, weapons and objects
relating to the Sikh period.
The temple created in the front side of the Lohagarh gate of the old city
is dedicated to Goddess Durga and is a centre of pilgrimage for the Hindus.
The sacred Akal Takht is built of a unique and noble structure spread out
like the outer court of the piazza of Saint Marco in Venice. The cantilever
projection is of the type of semi-circular platform and expands onto a large
square below. The magnificent throne of Akal is placed in a highly dramatised
Durbar hall larger in size than by any Mughal Emperor in Delhi or Amritsar.
Constructed in the early part of the19th century designed on his own by Maharaja
Ranjit Singh, the fort is equipped with special defensive system against artillery
attacks of the enemy. The fort was built as a preventive measure since the
place was frequently attacked when Punjab was still open to depredations of
the Afghan hordes. The fort is now protected under the supervision of the
paramilitary forces. Some of the few other important prominent attractions
of the city are Baba Atal Rai Tower, Ram Bagh garden, Fatehabad Mosque, Tarn
Taran, Harike Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary, Wagha Border.
Hall Bazaar is the main shopping arcade of Amritsar selling products, like
Electronics goods, Ready made Garments, Handicrafts, Ornaments and Bookshops.
Dharam Singh Market,another market also offers wide choice of products. Adjacent
to the Golden Temple there are numerous souvenir shops, which displays local
Hotel Ritz Plaza, AmritsarHotel Ritz Plaza offers a wonderful place to stay
in Amritsar. It gives complete travel related services with 50 guest rooms
and suites available along with a multi cuisine restaurant .The restaurant
offers the best of Indian and the western. Apart from it other hotel are Kumar
International, a 3 star category , Royal Castle, MK hotel, and a 4 star Mohan
How to Get There
By Flight -
The Rajasansi International airport at Amritsar
is well linked by flights from all over India and abroad which lie at a distance
By Train -
There are direct connectivity from Delhi to Amritsar
by train. Several trains leave Delhi everyday for Amritsar taking at the least
a 10 hour journey.
By Road -
Buses ply regularly between the city of Amritsar
and other cities of Punjab. Chandigarh lies 235 km away from it while Delhi
is 435 km far and Wagah border 29 km only.